Roots of Violence. The face of religion in Indonesia has been smeared by violence. For instance in September 2010, a manager of a HKBP Church in Bekasi, West Java, was stabbed. And why do issues concerning church or mosque land become sources of confl ict, like the struggle between preman (gangs) to claim parking spots as their own? Why does the tranquillity of people, especially when worshiping, quickly change to anger when faced with confl ict over houses of worship, or claims to correct interpretations that sideline others? Why do they not choose dialogue instead?